Industrial hemp has gotten a lot of attention recently due to its environmental benefits and diverse applications. There is more research being put into understanding the intricacies of this incredible plant, which continues to uncover many uses for it. One major goal in the industry is developing ways to use different types of fibres found in hemp’s stalks- building materials.
That are environmentally friendly as well as agricultural supplies have gained traction lately because people understand how useful these parts can be when they’re made into usable products! To help our readers get a better sense on all things related to industrial hemp hurd, we’ve compiled some helpful information. Hemp has been grown by humans for thousands of years; either ancient China or medieval Europe will show you just how historically important it was- both textile and paper production relied heavily on hemp fiber!
What is Hemp Hurd & How to make it?
While bast fibers have been the primary focus for traditional hemp farming, Hemp hurd has long been considered a byproduct of no importance. As manufacturers are coming to discover new uses for hurd, they are literally building an industry out of nothing.
Due to their woodchip-like consistency, hemp shives (hurds) are sometimes referred to as “hemp chips.” While many products that resemble woodchips can be made from them – like particle board and paper – other things such as siding and insulation owe their properties in part or whole thanks to hurds. One of the most amazing things about these is that they make up around 70% usable fibers found in industrial Hemp! This means producing them not only allows producers commoditize byproducts but also lessens agricultural waste coming from farms. So, concerning cultivation, harvesting and initial processing aspects; there’s really no difference between making shives or bast fiber products except at some early stages which entail separating usable fibre types (bast vs hird).
- Harvesting: Harvest is the first step in industrial hemp production. Hemp plants are best harvested right after they have completed their flowering phase, as this is when the fibers are at their strongest.
- Retting: Retting softens the stalks of these plants by allowing them to break down and rot in order for them to be more easily processed into different products like textiles or building materials.
- Breaking: After stems soften with field-retting, they are then broken down further before being separated by decortication – bast and hurd fibers go separate ways thereafter because of how each type will be made into a different product: clothing or textile construction respectively for bast; building materials for hurd.
- Decortication: It is a procedure where each type of fibre travels a different path within the supply chain-bast will be made into clothes whilst haulm will be used for building materials.